Many plants have been used for centuries as remedies for human disease and the medicinal values of plants lies in the some chemical substances that produce definite physiological action on the human body. Drugs used in medicine today are obtained from nature or of synthetic origin. The spread of drug resistant pathogens is one of the most serious threats to successful treatment of microbial diseases. Down the ages essential oils and other extracts of plants have evoked interest as sources of natural products. They have been screened for their potential uses as alternative remedies for the treatment of many infectious diseases. World Health Organization (WHO) noted that majority of the world’s population depends on traditional medicine for primary healthcare. Medicinal and aromatic plants which are widely used as medicine constitute a major source of natural organic compounds. Plants have an almost limitless ability to synthesize aromatic substances most of which are phenols or their oxygen derivatives. Essential oils have been shown to possess antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral insecticidal and antioxidant properties.
India has one of the oldest, richest and diverse cultural traditions associated with the use of plants and herbs for human, livestock and plant health. Many of the ingredients of Indian cooking which have been handed are down from ages containing medicinal properties. A vast ethno botanical knowledge exists in India from ancient times. However, very few plants used by locals for medicine are subjected to scientific investigation. The need for conservation of medicinal plants and traditional knowledge, particularly in developing countries like India, taking into account the socio-cultural and economic conditions is urgent.
Cinnamomum Tamala is Indian Bay tree which is normally used as spices in Indian Kitchen. Besides this property, cinnamomum tamala has various pharmacological Properties as: Antidiabetic, Antioxidant, Antiulcer, Antifungal and Antibacterial.