Sustainability lies at the heart of our strategy. Our vision for a cleaner world is reflected in our ambition to drive the transformation towards a low–emission energy system to engage our customers and society at large to help us drive this change. Sustainability looks to protect our natural environment, human & ecological health, while driving innovation and not compromising our way of life. Four factors are specially leading to this drastic change: Climatic change, Urbanisation, Digitalisation and Technological Advancement. Our role is to accelerate this change by reshaping the energy system, improving resource efficiency and providing smart solutions. The National Environment Act 1980 marked a new era for the legal framework of sustainability especially in terms of protection of environment.

Keywords: Sustainability, Energy Efficiency, Renewable, Urbanization, Legal framework.


Sustainability is the method of maintaining the resources in  a balanced way, to avoid unnecessary exploitation  and to meet human needs and aspirations in the future period.This theory considers that the resources are finite and should be used conservatively and wisely with a view to long term priorities and consequences of the ways in which resources are used. Sustainability is a broad discipline giving students and graduates insights into most aspect of the human world from business to technology to environment & to the Social sciences. The core skills with which a graduate leaves college or University is looking into the modern world to change it drastically and develop the technologies of the future. When we hear the world “Sustainability” we tend to think of renewable resources, reducing carbon emissions, protecting environments and a way of keeping the delicate ecosystem of our planet, Earth in balance. Under the concept of “Sustainability” there is a study of how natural systems function, remain diverse and produce everything it needs for the ecology to remain in balance. It also acknowledges that human civilisation take resources to sustain our modern way of life. Thus Sustainability takes into account how we might live in harmony with the natural world around us, protecting it from damage & destruction.It is not yet clear what our sustainable future will look like but with emerging technologies & the improvement of older cleaner fuel sources many people now look to a past fossil fuel world-including businesses.As we know that our entire energy sector is transforming now-a-days so we have to be very cautious on the point of sustainable development in global perspective. With emergence of cross boarded pollution issues, the international community realised the need of the legal framework towards sustainability.The Stockholm Conference of 1992, the Earth Summit held (1992) were the great leap towards sustainable development.

Result and discussion:

After discussing on the above issues, the result which can be taken out is that we need to be very much vigilant in the aspect of environmental protection and sustainability. For this proper implementation of laws should be done and people should morally support such legal frameworks to give them a meaningful shape and multidimensional heights.


Many developed countries have attained modernization through the process of industrialization. But there is a need to bridge the gap between rich and poor nations in regard to resource utilization and sustainable path of development. For this there is a prior need of regional cooperation. Part of the research capacity of these industrial nations like money, advanced skills and sophisticated equipments should be used rationally to tackle the challenges before sustainable society especially in the developing countries like India.

  1. Sustainability Indicators: Bell,S. & Morse,1999
  2. A Guide to Agenda 21. New York, United Nations.
  3. Article on An Introduction to Sustainability: David T. Allen and Shonnard, (Jan 26,2012)