The effect of Diet Habits on Health Status among Diabetes Patients in India
The general objective of this study is that the effect of the living habits (dietary practice) induced by different religions on the diabetes patients in India. We conducted the survey by the questionnaire. The basic characteristic of diabetes patients including the age, gender and the relationship among the religion type, diet type and BMI are studied.
Keywords: Diabetes, Religion, Diet habits, India
Diabetes is one of the largest global health emergencies of 21st century1. Each year more and more people live with this condition, which can result in life-changing complications. India is one of highest number of people with diabetes and still experiencing an alarming increase in the prevalence of diabetes2. The resulting morbidity, reduced quality of life, and risk for complication make preventive strategies imperative. And, with good self-management and health professional support, people with diabetes can live a long, health life. However, the contribution of the Indian diet and related religions to the increasing prevalence of diabetes in the country is not well understood. The research is mainly focus on the relationship between the health status and diet habits of diabetes patients in India.
Result and Discussion:
The samples characteristics as the 77.8 % diabetic patients have belonged to 40-70 years. 54.8% diabetes patients are male. The religion of samples are Hinduism, Islam and Christianity and the 6.7% people are Islam, the proportion are 90.5%, 6.7% and 2.9%, respectively. As the Fig1 showed more than half of diabetic patients are vegetarian and overweight in this research. The results in Fig2 showed 59% diabetes patients are vegetarian, 29% diabetes patients are non-vegetarian. On the side of body mass index (BMI) results that be used to judge the health status of diabetes patients, we can see about 70% patients are overweight. Also, we collect the education status among the diabetes patients as the Fig3 showed. The education status have no significant different to effect the portion of the overweight. The self-management and economic status possibility affect the results. Furthermore, the relationship of BMI and different parts of diet consumption be studied in the Fig4. The consumption of vegetable, fruit, high-fat food, high-sugar food and sugary drink were studied. There are no apparent different in diabetes prevalence based on type of BMI and different parts of diet consumption.
The people are Hinduism who have a unique dietary practice and lifelong pattern in India. Hence, combination the pattern of dietary may yield findings which part of dietary is high consumption. Thus, it is possible to assess dietary associations with diabetes even chronic diseases. In the future, prospective research with better measure of dietary intake and clinical measures of diabetes are needed to clarify the relationship between the diabetes and living habits formed from different religion.
Conducted as international collaboration research between Kyushu University Decision Science center and Biyani University. The survey was conducted at the local diabetes clinics including the Dhand’s diabetes clinic and Dana Shivam Heart &Super specialty Hospital of Jaipur and face-to-face interview 100 diabetes patients who have different religions. The prepared questionnaire was used to collect information on various like general profile, disease history, food habits, exercise, etc.
The 100 diabetes patients have no significant different in diabetes prevalence based on type of BMI and different parts of diet consumption.