Natural resources include land, water mineral resources, forest, marine, resources climate, rainfall and topography. Some of these resources are known to man. Some resources are hidden and to discover hidden resources, man is required to develop techniques of knowing the undiscovered resources.
In short when we talk about the natural resources of a country, we have obliviously in mind the extent of the known or discovered natural resources with their present uses.
“Natural resources determine the course of development and constitute the challenges which may not be accepted by the human mind.”
The extent of a country’s resources is quite obviously a limit on the amount and type of development which it com undergo. Developing countries embarking on programs of economic development
Careful use of the exhaustible resources and maintenance of the quality of renewable resources like land are a sine qua non in the process of development.
Conservation and survey of flora, fauna, forests, and wildlife prevention and control of pollution afforest tin and regeneration of degraded areas and protection of environment are the mandates of the ministry. These objectives are well supported by a set of legislative and regulatory measures aimed at the preservation and protection of environment.
For nature and forest conservation program the national forest policy is National Conservation Strategies and policy statement on environment and development 1992.
Author – Dr Nandini Sharma