Lecture method is the oldest method of teaching. It is based on the philosophy of idealism. This method refers to the explanation of the topic to the students. The emphasis is on the presentation of the content. The teacher clarifies the content matter to the students by using gestures, simple devices, by changing voice, change in position and facial expressions. Teachers are more active and students are passive but the teacher also asks questions to keep the students attentive.
This method is economical and can be used among large number of students. It saves time and also covers syllabus. It is the simplest method for teachers and does not require any arrangements. It gives the students training in listening. It provides an opportunity an opportunity for better clarification of the topics and lying stress on significant ideas. It brings a personal contact and touch to impress or influence the pupils.
This method is useful in large classes, but it also has some limitations. This method makes the students passive listeners. There is very little scope for pupil activity. It is against the principle of learning by doing. It does not take into consideration individual differences. It does not develop power of rezoning of the students. It becomes monotonous to the students.
Though this method has much limitation but still it is the most used method. The lecture method can be made effective by using following points matter should be arranged properly. Teacher should have process in between the lesson. These should be abundant repetition of the topic. The teacher should encourage the students to ask questions teaching aids should also be used to make the lecture effective. The content of the lecture should be logical and according to the standard of the students.
Thus, we conclude that the lecture method can be very effective, if it is made more interactive and interesting for students.
Author – Meenu Sharma