Hello there, I hope you’re doing well. Generally, Chemistry is a vast subject and there is so much to read & learn in Chemistry. This blog is all about Chemistry Branches with examples. Moreover, you’ll read about some additional Branches of Chemistry. Keep reading till the end to read about the examples of Chemistry Branches.
Let’s get started…….
5 Main Chemistry Branches
- Organic Chemistry: Organic chemistry is the study of carbon and its compounds. It is the study of the chemistry of life and reactions occurring in living organisms. Organic chemistry might study organic reactions, the structure, and properties of organic molecules, polymers, drugs, or fuels.
- Inorganic Chemistry: Inorganic chemistry is the study of inorganic compounds or compounds that don’t contain a C-H bond. A few inorganic compounds do contain carbon, but most contain metals. Topics of interest to inorganic chemists include ionic compounds, organometallic compounds, minerals, cluster compounds, and solid-state compounds.
- Analytical Chemistry: Analytical chemistry is the study of the chemistry of matter and the development of tools to measure the properties of matter. Analytical chemistry includes quantitative and qualitative analysis, separations, extractions, distillation, spectrometry and spectroscopy, chromatography, and electrophoresis. Analytical chemists develop standards, chemical methods, and instrumental methods.
- Physical Chemistry: Significantly, Physical chemistry is the branch of chemistry that applies physics to the study of chemistry, which commonly includes the applications of thermodynamics and quantum mechanics to chemistry.
- Biochemistry: Biochemistry is the study of chemical processes that occur inside of living organisms. Examples of key molecules include proteins, nucleic acids, carbohydrates, lipids, drugs, and neurotransmitters. Sometimes this discipline is considered a subdiscipline of organic chemistry. Biochemistry is closely related to molecular biology, cell biology, and genetics.
Other Branches of Chemistry
- Astrochemistry: Identically, Astrochemistry examines the abundance of elements and compounds in the universe, their reactions with each other, and the interaction between radiation and matter.
- Chemical Kinetics: Chemical kinetics (or simply “kinetics”) studies the rates of chemical reactions and processes and the factors that affect them.
- Electrochemistry: Electrochemistry examines the movement of charge in chemical systems. Often, electrons are the charge carrier, but the discipline also investigates the behavior of ions and protons.
- Green Chemistry: Green chemistry looks at ways of minimizing the environmental impact of chemical processes. This includes remediation as well as ways of improving processes to make them more eco-friendly.
- Geochemistry: Geochemistry examines the nature and properties of geological materials and processes.
- Nuclear Chemistry: While most forms of chemistry mainly deal with interactions between electrons in atoms and molecules, nuclear chemistry explores the reactions between protons, neutrons, and subatomic particles.
- Polymer Chemistry: Polymer chemistry deals with the synthesis and properties of macromolecules and polymers.
- Quantum Chemistry: Quantum chemistry applies quantum mechanics to model and explores chemical systems.
- Radiochemistry: Basically, Radiochemistry explores the nature of radioisotopes along with the effects of radiation on matter. Also, it explores the synthesis of radioactive elements and compounds.
- Industrial Chemistry: Industrial chemistry uses chemical as well as physical processes to transform raw materials into products that are beneficial to mankind. This includes the production of basic chemicals for manufacturing goods for various industrial sectors. Industrial chemistry can be perceived as the production of synthetic substitutes for natural products.
- Theoretical Chemistry: Particularly, Theoretical chemistry is the branch of chemistry that applies mathematics, physics, and computer programming to answer chemistry questions
Chemistry Branches with Examples
Now that you are aware of all branches of chemistry. Let us understand the concept better with the help of examples:
|Branches of Chemistry||Branches of Chemistry Real-Life Examples|
|Organic Chemistry||Washing detergents, Plastics, Hair dyes|
|Inorganic Chemistry||Floor cleaner, Soap|
|Physical Chemistry||Water boiling, Water freezing|
|Analytical Chemistry||Water and Soil Testing|
|Biomedical Chemistry||Kidney function test, Blood test|
|Environmental Chemistry||Chemicals from consumers|
|Industrial Chemistry||Sulphuric acid from factories|
|Polymer Chemistry||Synthetic fibers clothes|
|Nuclear Chemistry||Manufacturing weapons|
|Geochemistry||Industrial effluent and sewage sludge|
Blog by: Dr. Mukta Jain
Department of Science
Biyani Group of Colleges, Jaipur
to pursue your Graduation by sitting at your home