• It is a medical condition in which there is an abnormal accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid in the brain. This causes improved intracranial pressure inside the skull and may cause progressive enlargement of the head if it occurs in childhood, potentially causing convulsion, and mental disability. It was once easily called “Water on the brain
Etiology; genetic abnormality
Certain infections that occur during pregnancy rubella
Meningitis encephalitis
Bleeding in the brain
Injuries that occur before, during, or after delivery
Head trauma
Sign symptom
• Irritability
• Seizures
• Separated sutures
• Sleepiness
• Vomiting
Symptoms that may occur in older children can include:


• Brief, shrill, high-pitched cry
• Changes in personality, memory, or the ability to reason or think
• Changes in facial appearance and eye spacing
• Difficulty feeding
• Excessive sleepiness
• Headache
• Irritability, poor anger control
• Loss of bladder control
• Loss of coordination and trouble walking
• Muscle spasticity
• Slow growth
• Slow or restricted movement
Medial management
Hydrocephalus can be fatal if it’s left crude. Treatment may not reverse brain damage that’s by now occur. The goal is to prevent further brain damage
Shunt Insertion
In most cases, a shunt is surgically insert. The shunt is a drainage system made of a long tube with a valve. The valve helps CSF flow at a normal rate and in the right way. Your doctor inserts one end of the tube in your brain and the other end into abdominal cavity. Excess fluid then drains from the brain and out the other end of the tube, where it can be more easily engrossed. A shunt implant is typically permanent and has to be monitored regularly.
A procedure called a ventriculostomy can be perform as an choice to having a shunt inserted. This involves making a hole at the bottom of a ventricle or in between ventricles. This allows CSF to leave the brain.
Key word hydro cephalus vp shunt shrill cry ,seizure irritiability

Author: Mahesh Kumar Sharma